M. Umer Chapra, Former Advisor to Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (SAMA), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, currently Research Advisor, Islamic Research and Training Institute, Islamic Development Bank, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2012, Page 15-20.
The Importance of Justice
“We have sent Our Messengers with Clear Signs as well as the Book and the Balance so that people may establish justice.” (57:25)
“We wish to favor those who have been oppressed, so as to make them leaders and heirs and to establish them firmly in the world.” (28: 5-6)
“Those who believe and do not impair their belief with injustice, for them there is peace and they are the guided ones.” (6:82)
It is clear from the above quotations that one of the most important objectives of Islam is to ensure greater justice in human society, so that, not only are all the essential needs of the poor and the downtrodden, adequately fulfilled; they are also able to rise to positions of leadership. This is crucial, because without justice there cannot be any meaningful social peace; there will rather be discontent and social tensions which will ultimately lead to social decline. The Prophet (pbuh), went to the extent of emphasizing that injustice will lead to darkness on the Day of Judgment (Sahih Muslim). This will essentially be a reflection of the darkness we have spread in this world by our insistence on policies of inequity, exploitation, aggression and high-handedness. As a result of this emphasis on justice in both the Qur’an and the Sunnah, all Muslim scholars have also, without exception, held justice to be an indispensable part of the Islamic worldview.
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