Dr. S. Renuga Devi, Faculty of Commerce, Kristu Jayanti College, Bengaluru- 560 077.
Gender specific barriers are prevalent in countries like India which denies education, health, employment, freedom in work, speech etc. Women’s life is affected by the existence of patriarchal culture and tradition within the household. It is further articulated by caste barriers. Gender equality and improved economic access expedites empowerment among them. Liberation of women is an essential pre-requisite for economic development and social progress of the nation. Women could influence others or make decision, exhibit self-confidence, enjoy better status and play effective role in household through economic empowerment. The Government of India planned to have policies and programmes leading to empowerment of women. Different forms of credit facilities are made available and micro financing is one such instrument to enable the women engage in different kinds of economic activities with the skill they possess, thereby, earning income for their livelihood and betterment of their family. In India, Self-Help Group (SHGs)-Bank Linkage Programme is a cost effective mechanism for providing financial services to the “Unreached Poor”. The rural women can strengthen themselves through collective self-help capacities by meeting their financial needs. This SHG formation turned into a movement for empowerment among women across the country. The women form a group to help themselves by taking up an employment opportunity available in their local area to meet their bare economic needs and become economically empowered. Under this environment, the present study tries to explore the demographic details of the sample respondents in the study area i.e. Coimbatore district and find the influence of these factors in empowering the women population.
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